It’s Brain Injury Awareness Month.
Here is a list of facts from the Brain Injury Association of America’s Brain Injury Awareness Month factsheets. Their website can be found here: http://www.biausa.org/
Incidence of brain injury
· 1.7 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year. According to the
Centers for Disease Control and Injury Prevention, the leading causes of TBI are:
o Falls (35.2%)
o Motor vehicle-traffic crashes (17.3%)
o Struck by/against events (16.5%)
o Assaults (10%)
· Brain injury can result in a range of outcomes (according to the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention):
o 52,000 die
o 275,000 are hospitalized
o 1,365,000 are treated and released from an emergency department.
· According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, among children ages 0 to
14 years, TBI results in an estimated
o 2,685 deaths
o 37,000 hospitalizations
o 435,000 emergency department visits
· The number of people with TBI who are not seen in an emergency department or who
receive no care is unknown.
· TBI is a contributing factor to a third (30.5%) of all injury-related deaths in the United
· About 75% of TBIs that occur each year are concussions or other forms of mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI).
Cost of brain injury care
· Average hospital-based acute rehab is about $8,000 per day
· Range for post-acute residential is about $850 to $2,500 per day
· Day treatment programs (e.g., 4 hours of therapy) are about $600 to $1,000 with no room/board
· According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, direct medical costs and indirect costs of TBI in the U.S., such as lost productivity, totaled an estimated $76.5 billion.