As scientists and doctors continue to learn about it, more photophobia treatments and home remedies are brought to light (see what we did there?). This article is intended to help you learn more about your options.
If you have photophobia or excess sensitivity to light, chances are good that you’re frequently reminded of it by pain, squinting, tears, dryness, or spots appearing in your vision. The symptoms are both annoying and uncomfortable, and may even come with nausea, fatigue, and of course — migraine.
For many, the symptoms bring major life disruption. Working, shopping, driving, and outdoor activities can all be hampered by your condition. Hopefully what you learn here will help you live your life with fewer of those interruptions.
6 Photophobia Home Remedies
At Axon Optics, one of the best things about what we do is that our precision-tinted glasses for photophobia might help people reduce the use of medication or prescription pharmaceuticals. Modern medicine has amazing advantages, but we understand that a lot of migraineurs would rather avoid overdoing it on painkillers. Therefore, we’d like to discuss several home remedies for light sensitivity.
Wear Axon Optics Glasses
Migraine glasses are totally non-invasive, portable, and seriously effective at reducing your light sensitivity symptoms. Our migraine sunglasses were designed specifically to reduce migraine attacks by lessening the effects of photophobia.
Our precision tint blocks more of the spectrum of harmful light most likely to trigger your symptoms, while letting the rest of the light through. This way, you can go about your day and your life under fluorescent and other types of light without constant worry.
Unlike pharmaceuticals, migraine glasses have no side effects. They are proven effective against light sensitivity and migraine, and their rose-colored tint has been shown to work better than other colors.
Customers agree. Erin recently wrote:
“From the very first days of wearing these glasses, the length and number of headaches I was getting was reduced. They are especially helpful for the time I spend in front of the computer and in video meetings, but I wear them all the time now and they help in pretty much every circumstance. I don’t think I realized just how light-sensitive I was until I started wearing these. They have been an incredible help for me, and in some ways have really changed my life already. I would recommend them to anyone. Also, I think they look really stylish.”Erin — Axon Optics Customer
Get Rid of Fluorescent Lighting
Fluorescent lighting is kind of notorious for affecting light sensitive people. It’s flickering, intensity, and blue-heavy light spectrum is a definite trigger for a lot of our customers.
Since you still have to work, shop, and live your life, you might not be able to totally get rid of fluorescent lighting. However, there are a lot of steps you can take to reduce your exposure and mitigate its effects (including wearing our glasses). In this article, we provide several strategies to help you cope with fluorescent lighting and how it affects you.
Use More Natural Light
One of the best ways to reduce your exposure to artificial light is to bring in more natural light, so you can turn off or dim other light sources. If possible, sit closer to a window at work. Open your blinds, get outside (with sunglasses) and allow more sunshine in with its full spectrum of light to help balance and reduce your need for electric lights.
A note about blinds. For many people with light sensitivity, scattered or high-contrast patterns can be a trigger. Light shining through partially-open blinds may fall into that category for you. This is part of the reason why you might be better off to open them all the way.
Increase Light Exposure Slowly
It might seem counterintuitive to increase your light exposure at all. However, you definitely need some light in your life to avoid dark adapting your eyes and making your problem worse. This is why it’s a bad idea to wear sunglasses indoors.
If you can handle it, try keeping the lights on at a dimmer level. Over time, try increasing that light little by little until you reach your limit. It’s a process of trial and error, and some days might be better than others. But especially with the help of your migraine glasses, you might find yourself better equipped to handle brighter light with gradual, incremental increases.
Protect Your Eyes from the Sun
ZZ Top sang about the benefits of cheap sunglasses, but they definitely aren’t the best thing for your eyes. Be sure to invest in quality sunglasses and know what you’re getting. You need lenses that block UV rays and troublesome glare — just don’t wear them inside!
Avoid Eye Strain
In this article we address computer vision syndrome (CVS). If you spend a few hours or more looking at a computer or other digital screen every day, this is a real threat. It can cause dry eye, neck and shoulder pain, headaches, and blurry vision. Anyone can develop CVS even if they aren’t particularly light sensitive.
To avoid CVS, taking frequent short breaks from screen time can really help. Take a walk around the office, chat with coworkers, or grab a snack. You can also try the 20-20-20 rule: every 20 minutes, look 20 feet away for 20 seconds.
4 Standard Photophobia Treatments
Modern medicine offers a few treatments — but unfortunately no cure — for light sensitivity. These interventions might help you manage your condition, but may not be designed to address light sensitivity specifically. Let’s discuss a few of these options, how they work, and what side effects you might expect if you choose to use them.
It seems like the uses for Botox® continue to expand. Originally intended to lessen the appearance of wrinkles, botox or Botulinum Toxin A is also used to treat neck spasms, lazy eye, excessive sweating, and even overactive bladder. Botox injections were also approved in 2010 for adults with chronic migraine.
When it comes to light sensitivity, Botox has been shown in studies to help people with photophobia-related migraine and blepharospasm. It is currently being studied for its potential benefits in treating traumatic brain injury, but more research is needed.
Botox versatility aside, botox is a neurotoxin. From a microbiological standpoint, it’s a poison made by the Clostridium botulinums bacteria. If ingested, its effects (known as botulism) can be deadly. Since it’s not ingested, and because you get much less of it than you’d ever get from eating spoiled food, that danger does not apply to the injections. However, there are other unpleasant side effects reported, such as:
- Injection site skin irritation and muscle weakness, which may lead to head drop in more severe cases
- Stiff neck
- Blurred vision
It’s true that Botox has usefulness as a migraine and photophobia treatment. However, these uses were clearly not part of its original intent but were discovered and studied later as its effects were reported. Because of that, many experts recommend exhausting other treatment options before trying Botox for those conditions. Plus, the thought of being injected with a neurotoxin simply makes a lot of people squirm.
Triptans is the common name for medications based on tryptamine. Tryptamines are psychotropic drugs derived as a metabolite of tryptophan, the amino acid in turkey famous for prompting the traditional Thanksgiving nap. We won’t go deep into triptans here, but according to research they are “capable of producing profound changes in sensory perception, mood and thought…”
Triptans are oral drugs which have been used for decades to treat acute migraine attacks. They are not a cure for migraine, but are designed to stop the attack after onset. As such, triptan drugs aren’t likely to be helpful as a light sensitivity treatment over the long term. They don’t address the underlying cause of photophobia or migraine, but may offer some relief if administered to migraine patients during an episode, preferably at its onset.
Like any other drugs, side effects are possible. Some of the more common issues that have been associated with the use of triptans include:
- Dry mouth
- Skin sensations like heat or tingling
Anti-CGRPs are injected medications designed to treat migraine attacks. They may even help prevent them by targeting a protein in the brain which is linked to migraine pain. This protein is called calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). CGRP inhibitors can also reduce the symptoms of photophobia and other sensory symptoms of migraine, potentially reducing the number of headache days that come with light sensitivity.
While these drugs are promising, CGRP inhibitors do come with side effects. As with any injection, there may be some pain or irritation at the injection site. Other side effects may include constipation, diarrhea, and heightened anxiety or depression.
Pilocarpine, like Botox®, was not developed specifically for light sensitivity. However, it has shown promise as a potential treatment at least in the short-term. It was actually designed to treat elevated intraocular pressure and chronic dry mouth. But in a limited study of 14 people, 70% of participants experienced a decrease in light sensitivity which lasted at least a week.
Side effects of the treatment include dizziness, tearing, sweating, nausea, stomach cramps, runny nose, and more. Pilocarpine isn’t considered a long-term solution for photophobia, nor does it resolve the underlying cause. After treatment with this drug, light sensitivity symptoms usually come back within about 6 months.
The Best Solution May Be Simplest
No matter how you decide to deal with your light sensitivity, the coping strategies you decide to use could help you reduce migraine pain and other symptoms associated with your condition. Axon Optics glasses for photophobia are among the easiest and most effective strategies, and come with a 60-day return policy.